Newgrounds is an American entertainment and social media website and company. Founded on July 6, 1995 by Tom Fulp, the site primarily hosts Adobe Flash animations and games, but also features a music-oriented page, along with an art portal. Tom Fulp remains the sites owner and still regularly produces in-house content. On April 18, 2012 Newgrounds unsuccessfully attempted to push their way into live-action through initiating a Kickstarter project for The Forsaken City.[2]

The home page of Newgrounds displays recent submissions chosen by administrators as a special showcase of their favorites. On April 21, 2003 the first front page icon for a user-submitted Flash game was posted under the heading "Tom and Wade Recommend." The game that was posted was Taipan 3000[4] by Josh "Psycho Goldfish" Tuttle, a remake of a popular Apple II game called Taipan!.

Originally the icons were created by moderators, as were the long Flash descriptions (the same process used for the collections pages), but this proved to be an extremely time-consuming, tedious task. Currently users are given the ability to attach their own icons with their submissions, and write their own brief descriptions.

On January 12, 2004 the home page archive was launched, keeping a month-by-month list of Flash content that was deemed to be worthy of display on the Newgrounds homepage. This includes either those who performed well in the daily awards, or simply those the admin deemed worthy.

On June 27, 2006, the Icon Helpers system was launched for Newgrounds volunteers to make and submit icons for newer flash content that was lacking an icon, making the integration to automated collections pages much more effective.

On February 6, 2012 Newgrounds was shut down while the long-awaited redesign was being implemented. A selection of Newgrounds movies, including some made specifically for the downtime, and a chat feature were available for people to use while the redesign took place. On February 7, 2012 at 7:20PM (Eastern Standard Time), the site launched as confirmed by a tweet. After roughly 8 minutes, the site completely crashed and returned to the maintenance page which featured a selection of Newgrounds movies and a chat feature. However, the site soon re-launched and has been working since then.

The Flash portal is utilized by Newgrounds members to submit Flash content. Registered users can submit new Flash games or animations and can vote between 0 and 5 on existing submissions. They can leave textual reviews as well, to which the author can reply. If the submission has been uploaded recently, the user can choose to "Blam" the submission (a vote from 0 - 1) or "Protect" the submission (a vote from 2 - 5). Submissions will be deleted if they fall below the following scores after each amount of votes:[5]

Voting on submissions regularly and depositing experience (10 points earned for voting on 5 submissions in a day) increases the voting power a user carries. For example, a level 35 users vote is worth 7.65 votes. This power is further increased by successfully voting on submissions during the judgment period. Protecting a submission that passes judgment earns protection points, whilst blamming a submission that gets blammed earns blam points.

Finally, when the submission is uploaded it receives its own page on Newgrounds and undergoes judgment.

To aid the production of Flash to be submitted, Newgrounds has a variety of preloaders[6] (loading screens that appear at the beginning of a flash game or video) that can be downloaded and integrated into their Flashes.

On May 27, 2009,[7] the Flash Portal underwent a large redesign, switching to a wide layout. Users that disliked the new layout have been given the option to change it via their account preferences.

Authors self-rate submissions for each of these categories: Profanity, Nudity, Violence, Audio, Text and Adult themes (None, Mild, Excessive and sometimes Explicit depending if it is text or not). The ratings are:

When a Flash movie or game is submitted to the Flash Portal, it has the chance to win any of the following awards.

Beginning in 2011, the NewGrounds Annual Tournament of Animation (NATA) began as a 4-6 month long animation competition on NewGrounds. As an offshoot by the same creator of the Tournament of Flash Artists, it is currently sponsored by both Adobe and Tom Fulp. NATA 2012 concluded in early October and the prizes totaled at $2,500 in cash rewards, as well as the Adobe Design software to the Champion.[11] The competition pits animators against each other through scored Rounds where the animators have a certain amount of time to complete their entry. Entries are scored by a panel of judges in Five categories: Artwork (4 Points), Animation (4 Points), Originality (4 Points), Structure (4 Points), and Entertainment (4 Points). Points from each judge tally up to a total of 20 possible points. With five judges, the total points possible for an entry is 100 Points.